Plaster Sculpture

Art is a step from what is obvious and well-known toward what is arcane and concealed — Khalil Gibran

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Objective:

I will create a wall-mounted plaster sculpture that relates to the following concept: Emergence.

Project Requirements:

Size: No Larger than 2 ft x 2 ft x 2 ft. 

Must be contain details through manipulation of plaster surface. 

Exploring Emergence:

Definition of Emergence: 

1. The process of coming into view or becoming exposed after being concealed.

2. The process of coming into being, or of becoming important or prominent.

 Questions for Idea Development: 

How can an object physically emerge from a wall?

What living organisms emerge based on seasonal (during winter, spring, summer and fall) adaptations and why?

What concepts or philosophies emerge as a result of social and political changes in history?

How do we as people emerge from previous experiences?

How can you make sculpture look like it is physically emerging?

 

Exploring Plaster:

 High Relief: Sculptural relief in which the modeled forms project from the background by at least half their depth.

The Horses of Anahita or The Flight of Night, ca. 1848–50; this cast, by 1880 William Morris Hunt
The Horses of Anahita or The Flight of Night, ca. 1848–50; this cast, by 1880
William Morris Hunt

Low Relief: Sculptural relief that projects very little from the background. Also called bas-relief, basso-relievo.

 

Diptych with Circus Scenes. Byzantine, 5th century AD The Hermitage Museum
Diptych with Circus Scenes. Byzantine, 5th century AD
The Hermitage Museum

Armature: Structure built to support applied plaster or clay. How the shape of the sculpture is formed. In class, we use newspaper and tape.

newpaper armature - rabbit
newspaper armature – rabbit

 

This armature is a combination of cardboard and newspaper. The structural design is effective.
This armature is a combination of cardboard and newspaper. The structural design is effective.

newpaper armature head

Applied Texture: Texture which is made separately, the added onto the sculpture after.  Joint compound, or plaster can be used to create shapes and designs.

Designs and patterns can be added with joint compound.
Designs and patterns can be added with joint compound.
Designs and patterns can be added with joint compound.
Designs and patterns can be added with joint compound.
Shapes can be made in plaster and then later applied.
Shapes can be made in plaster and then later applied.

Reductive Texture: Texture that is created by scratching or sanding the surface of the plaster. Often very rough or very smooth.

reductive texture - 2

 

reductice texture
This textures seems have been created using a hammer and chisel, chipping away at the dried plaster.
A smooth reductive texture that was created by sanding away the plaster
A smooth reductive texture that was created by sanding away the plaster

Worked Texture: Texture that is created in the during application of the plaster. It is quickly determined and loose.

Texture created by the artist during the building process.
Texture created by the artist during the building process.
Worked texture that seems to be applied using a palette knife.
Worked texture that seems to be applied using a palette knife.

Tinted Plaster: Adding food coloring or cold water dyes to the plaster.

tinted plaster 2 tinted plaster and worked texture

 Other Concept and Texture Resources: 

http://www.sophia.org/tutorials/elements-of-art-texture

http://www.lucyglendinning.com/work/sculpture/index.html

Project Proposal Due Friday October 24th.

Form below must be completed and a sketch must be submitted.

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